Training is the process by which individuals and organizations obtain, improve, and retain the skills, knowledge, tools, equipment and other resources needed to do their jobs competently or to a greater capacity (larger scale, larger audience, larger impact, etc.). Capacity building and capacity development are often used interchangeably. Community capacity building is a conceptual approach to social, behavioral change and leads to infrastructure development. It simultaneously focuses on understanding the obstacles that inhibit people, governments, international organizations and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) from realizing their development goals and enhancing the abilities that will allow them to achieve measurable and sustainable results. Capacity building often involves building up skills and abilities, such as decision making, policy-formulation, appraisal, and learning. Following are the features of Conducting Training Need Assessment (TNA)
1: Engage stakeholders on capacity development
An effective capacity building process must encourage participation by all those involved. If stakeholders are involved and share ownership in the process of development they will feel more responsible for the outcome and sustainability of the development. Engaging stakeholder’s who are directly affected by the situation allows for more effective decision-making, it also makes development work more transparent. UNDP and its partners use advocacy and policy advisory to better engage stakeholders.
- Assess capacity needs and assets
Assessing preexisting capacities through engagement with stakeholders allows capacity builders to see what areas require additional training, what areas should be prioritized, in what ways capacity building can be incorporated into local and institutional development strategies. The UNDP argues that capacity building that is not rooted in a comprehensive study and assessment of the preexisting conditions will be restricted to training alone, which will not facilitate sustained results.
Islamic Research Institute of Social Sciences (IRISS) has many types of training programs, workshops, capacity-buildings programs to enable individuals, organizations and other important stake holders of the society to enhance and retain the skills, knowledge, tools, equipment and other resources needed to do their jobs competently or to a greater capacity. It encourages the participants to think critically regarding the contemporary issues and problems and presents practical solutions to cope up with the challenges of modern times.