Human Studies & Anthropology
Introduction of the subject:
Anthropology is the scientific study of humans and human behavior and societies in the past and present.
- Social anthropology and cultural anthropology study the norms and values of societies.
- Linguistic anthropology studies how language affects social life.
- Biological or physical anthropology studies the biological development of humans.
Anthropologists take a broad approach to understanding the many different aspects of the human experience, which we call holism. They consider the past, through archaeology, to see how human groups lived hundreds or thousands of years ago and what was important to them. They consider what makes up our biological bodies and genetics, as well as our bones, diet, and health. Anthropologists also compare humans with other animals to see what we have in common with them and what makes us unique.
Anthropologists also try to understand how people interact in social relationships for example with families and friends. They look at the different ways people dress and communicate in different societies. Anthropologists sometimes use these comparisons to understand their own society. Many anthropologists work in their own societies looking at economics, health, education, law, and policy. When trying to understand these complex issues, they keep in mind what they know about biology, culture, types of communication, and how humans lived in the past.